Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the central banking institution of India. RBI control the monetary policy Rupee as a sole controller. RBI also controls the liquidity (flow of money) in Indian Market by Changing its Policy rates and Reserve ratios. RBI have three rates: Bank Rate, CRR,SLR.
What are Repo rate and Reverse Repo rate? Repo (Repurchase) rate is the rate at which the RBI lends shot-term money to the banks. When the repo rate increases borrowing from RBI becomes more expensive. Therefore, we can say that in case, RBI wants to make it more expensive for the banks to borrow money, it increases the repo rate; similarly, if it wants to make it cheaper for banks to borrow money, it reduces the repo rate. Reverse Repo rate is the rate at which banks park their short-term excess liquidity with the RBI. The RBI uses this tool when it feels there is too much money floating in the banking system. An increase in the reverse repo rate means that the RBI will borrow money from the banks at a higher rate of interest. As a result, banks would prefer to keep their money with the RBI.
Policy rates, Reserve ratios, lending, and deposit rates as of 1st February, 2017
|Reverse Repo Rate||5.75%|
|Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)||4%|
|Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)||20.50%|
|Reserve Bank Rate||4%|
|Deposit Rate > 1 Year||6.50%–7.00%|