Daily GK Update 8th July 2014

1) Union Railway Minister Sadanand Gowda Presented Rail Budget 2014-15
Union Rail Budget 2014-15 was presented by the Union Railway Minister Sadanand Gowda on 8 July 2014. This is the first rail budget presented by any Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) minister and it is also Gowda’s first rail budget.

Highlights of Union Rail Budget 2014-15
• Railways to build FOB and escalators, toilets on all stations
• Railways also proposes to set up Food Courts at major stations
• RO drinking water facilities to be installed at stations
• Separate housekeeping wing at 50 major stations
• CCTV to monitor cleanliness activities
• Mechanized laundry will be introduced
• Dedicated freight corridor on Eastern and Western corridors
• Tourist trains to be introduced to link all major places of tourist interests across the country
• 4000 women constables to be recruited to ensure safety of women
• 17000 Railway Protection Force (RPF) constables to provide safety to passengers
• Setting up of Railway University for technical and non-technical study
• Ultrasonic Broken Rail Detection System (UBRD) to detect problem in track
• Proposal to start Bullet trains in Mumbai—Ahmedabad route
• Diamond Quadrilateral project of high speed trains to connect all major metros
• Efforts will be made to increase speed of trains to 160-200km/h on select sectors. The identified sectors are: Delhi-Agra; Delhi-Chandigarh; Delhi-Kanpur; Nagpur-Bilaspur; Mysore-Bengaluru-Chennai; Mumbai-Goa; Mumbai-Ahmedabad; Chennai-Hyderabad and Nagpur-Secunderabad.
• E-ticketing system to be improved. Future e-ticketing to support 7200 tickets per minute & to allow 120000 simultaneous users
• Wi-fi in A1 and A category stations and in select trains. Internet-based platform and unreserved tickets
• Will develop 10 metro stations with state-of-the-art facilities
• Outsourcing at 50 major stations; on board housekeeping to be extended to more trains; launching feedback service through IVRS on the quality
• Hospital Management Information System to integrate all railway health units and hospitals
• Special milk tanker trains to be introduced
• Temperature-controlled storage for fruits and vegetable
• setting up of Railway University for technical and non-technical subjects, tie-up with technical institutions
• Paperless office of Indian railways in 5 years. Digital reservation charts at stations
• Ready-to-eat meals to be introduced in phased manners
• New trains in Rail Budget: 5 Jansadharan, 5 Premium, 6 AC, 27 express trains, 8 passenger, 5 DEMU & 2 MEMU services; 11 train extensions
• Office-on-wheels: Internet and workstation facilities on select trains
• Temperature-controlled storage for fruits and vegetable

2) IMG constituted to examine potential of GAGAN in Non-Aviation Sectors
i) The Union Civil Aviation Ministry on 7 July 2014 constituted an Inter-Ministerial Group (IMG) to examine the maximum potential of the GPS Aided Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) system. The IMG will be headed by Ashok Lavasa, the Secretary of Ministry of Civil Aviation.

Tasks of the Inter-Ministerial Group (IMG)
• The Group will examine the potential of sector-specific utilisation of GAGAN system for its use in non-aviation sectors
• Develop appropriate work programmes using GAGAN signals that can benefit diversified users

ii) With GANAN, India would become the fourth nation after the US, Europe and Japan to use the satellite-based navigation system.

3) Granville Austin, the scholar of Indian constitution died
i) Granville Austin, the eminent scholar of the Indian Constitution died on 6 July 2014 in Washington DC.
ii) He died at the age of 87. He described Indian Constitution as first and foremost a social document that embodied the objectives of a social revolution.

About Granville Austin

• He authored two books on Indian Constitution. These are
a) The Indian Constitution – The Indian Constitution: A Cornerstone of a Nation
b) Working a Democratic Republic: The Indian Experience
• In 2011, he was awarded with fourth highest civilian award in India, Padma Shri. He was awarded in recognition of his writings on the framing and working of the Indian Constitution.
• He worked as a journalist and photographer
• He was born in 1927 at Norwich, Vermont

4) Sania Mirza ranked career-best fifth in WTA doubles rankings

i) Sania Mirza, the Indian tennis ace, along with her Zimbabwean doubles partner Cara Black on 7 July 2014 were ranked career-best fifth in the latest WTA Doubles rankings.

5) Eduard Shevardnadze, the ex-President of Georgia died at 86
i) Eduard Shevardnadze, the former President of Georgia died on 7 July 2014. He died after prolong illness at the age of 86.

 About Eduard Shevardnadze

• He was born in 1928 in Lanchkhuti, Georgia
• In 1946, he joined the youth movement of the Communist party and became the party’s Georgia head in 1972
• In 1985 under reformist leader Mikhail Gorbachev, he was appointed as the foreign minister of the Soviet Union
• In 1990 he resigned from the post and rejoined it in 1991 when Soviet Union was disintegrating
• He was credited with helping end the Cold War
• He authored his memoir titled The Future Belongs to Freedom
• He was the last foreign minister of Soviet Union

6) India on 8 July 2014 successfully test-fired an advanced version of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from Chandipur-on-Sea off Odisha coast. It was test-fired from a mobile launcher from launch complex number three of the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasore.

7) Justice Arun Mishra, Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel and Justice Rohington F Nariman were appointed as Supreme Court judges on 7 July 2014. The three judges were administered the oath of office by Chief Justice of India, R M Lodha.

8) Australia leads ICC test rankings; India in fourth place
i. Australia leads the latest ICC test rankings followed by South Africa, England with India in the fourth place.
ii. Men in Blue played test cricket after a long gap in Bangladesh last month and the tour of England will provide them yet another opportunity to improve their ranking.

9) SFs of FIFA World Cup begins tonight; hosts Brazil vs Germany
i. The semi-final stage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup begins tonight, with hosts Brazil clashing with Germany at Belo Horizonte. The match will kick off at 1:30 AM Indian Time.
ii. The title clash of the World Cup will take place at Rio de Janeiro on Sunday, with the match for the third place scheduled for the day before at Brasília.

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