Reasoning Quiz - Competitive Exams

Direction (1-3): Answer the following questions on the basis of the reasoning or argument contained in the passages given. 

1. The commercial news media overemphasis, exceptional events such as plane crashes at the expense of those such as automobile accidents, which occur far more frequently and represent a far greater risk to the public. Yet the public tends to interpret the degree of emphasis the news media give to these occurrences as indicating the degree of risk they represent. 

If the statements above are true, which one of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by them?
(1) The emphasis given in the commercial news media to major catastrophes is directed by the public’s taste for the extraordinary.
(2) Events over which people feel they have no control are generally perceived as more dangerous than those which people feel they can avert or avoid.
(3) Where commercial news media constitute the dominant source of information, public perception of risk does not reflect actual risk.
(4) A massive outbreak of cholera will be covered more extensively by the news media than with the occurrence of a rarer less serious disease.
(5) None of these

2. When individual students are all treated equally they have identical exposure to curriculum material, the rate, quality and quantity of learning will vary from student to student. If all students are to master a given curriculum, some of them need different types of help than others, as any experienced teacher knows. 

If the statements above are both true, which one of the following conclusions can be drawn on the basis of them?
(1) Unequal treatment, in a sense, of individual students is required in order to ensure equality with respect to the educational tasks they master.
(2) The rate and quality of learning, with learning understood as the acquiring of the ability to solve problems within a given curriculum area, depend on the quantity of teaching an individual student receives in any given curriculum.
(3) The more experienced the teacher is, the more the student will learn.
(4) All students should have identical exposure to learn the material being taught in any given curriculum.
(5) None of these

3. The National Association of Fire Fighters says that 45 per cent of homes now have smoke-detectors, whereas only 30 per cent of homes had those 10 years ago. This makes early detection of house fires no more likely. However, over half of the domestic smoke detectors are either without batteries or else inoperative for some other reason. 

In order to properly draw the conclusion for above facts, which one of the following assumptions would have to be made?
(1) Fifteen per cent of domestic smoke detectors were installed less than 10 years ago.
(2) The number of fires per year in homes with smoke detectors has increased.
(3) Not all of the smoke detectors in homes are battery operated.
(4) The proportion of domestic smoke detectors that are inoperative has increased in the past ten years.
(5) None of these

Direction (4-8): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.

Give answer—
(a) If only argument I is strong. 
(b) If only argument II is strong.
(c) If neither argument I nor II is strong. 
(d) If both arguments I and II are strong.

4. Statement: 
In Delhi, should the construction work of roads and bridges be stopped in daytime?
I. Yes: Recently many accidents have taken place in daytime on under construction roads.
II. No: Government will not be able to complete its projects on time. Also, number of vehicular accidents increases in the dark.

5. Statement: 
A survey suggests that students of age between 15-18 years need extra care from parents, otherwise they may be misguided by bad company. Are only parents responsible for it?
I. Yes: Parents can understand the activities of the children well. This is the most crucial period of age which decides the direction of their life.
II. No: There are many other social factors which can spoil children.

6. Statement: 
Mineral water is not easily available. Packed mineral water is also not 100% pure, some people pack water contaminated with chemicals.  Can it be stopped?
I. Yes: A team of health department of India can visit plants and inspect samples. There are so many food certifications for quality like FPO and HACCP, under which purity scale is measured.
II. No: It can’t be stopped because a large number of people are doing the same thing at their residences.

7. Statement: 
Should company X adopt the latest technology to ensure increased productivity and capacity?
I. Yes: The competitor for company X has adopted the latest technology.
II. No: Adoption of latest technology does not ensure increased productivity and capacity.

8. Statement: 
Now-a-days, parents are more interested in private schools for their children’s education while seats in government schools remain vacant. Is it right to choose private schools over government schools?
I. Yes: Private schools take proper care of the students for their overall development, while in government schools teachers don’t take proper care of the students.
II. No: In India several schools, which are run by the government, are providing quality education at nominal fees in comparison to private schools.

Direction (9-13): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. 
Give answer—
(a) If only assumption I is implicit.
(b) If only assumption II is implicit.
(c) If neither I nor II is implicit.
(d) If both I and II are implicit.

9. Statement: 
Central Government has started a new subsidized scheme called-“Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme”.
I. Now every citizen of India can get a job.
II. Government will give some money to those citizens who are not working, and whose families are dependent on them.

10. Statement: 
Now, free and compulsory education is a fundamental right of every child aged 6-14.
I. Children of age more than 14 years can educate themselves on their own.
II. Now our literacy rate will rise high and, also people’s livelihood could be enhanced.

11. Statement: 
From the last few years, a consistent delay in the arrival of monsoon is a major concern for farmers, as it is affecting the crops adversely.
I. A good crop requires monsoon on time.
II. Monsoon rain is the only mode of irrigation available to the farmers in India.

12. Statement: 
Over the past few decades, many Asian nations transformed from poverty into global competitors.
I. The growth rate of Asian countries was facilitated by growth in advanced countries.
II. Poverty seems to be eradicated from Asian nations.

13. Statement: 
The Indian pharma industry is flourishing overseas, touching almost every part of the world.
I. With low cost, speed and high quality as advantages, Indian pharma industry has geared up.
II. Costs of clinical trials and research may be relatively low in India.

Directions (14-) In each of these questions, a question is given followed by information in three statements. You have to find out the data in which statement(s) is sufficient to answer the question and mark your answer accordingly.

14. What is M's rank from the top in a class of fifty students?
I. M is 3 ranks below N from the top.
II. N's rank from the bottom is 23.
III. M is 3 ranks above P from the bottom.
(1) Any two of the three
(2) Only I and II
(3) Only II and III
(4) All I, II and III
(5) Only II and either I or III

15. How many sons does A have ?
I. B and D are brothers of E.
II. C is sister of F and D.
III. C and E are daughters of A.
(1) Only I and II
(2) Only II and III
(3) All I, II and HI
(4) I, II & III together are not sufficient
(5) None of these

16. How is 'BOAT' written in the code language ?
I. BTOR is written as $#@? in that code.
II. ARTOA is written as %?#@% in that code.
III. ATOR is written as %#@? in that code,
(1) Only I and II
(2) Only II and III
(3) All I, II and III
(4) Only I and either II or III   
(5) None of these

17. Among A, B, C, D and E, D is the second tallest and E is immediate taller than the shortest. Who among them is in the middle when they stand in the order of their heights?
I. C is not the shortest.
II. A is taller than E but shorter than D.
III. B ranks third in height above E when all are arranged in the order of height.
(1) Only I and II
(2) Either II only or I and III only
(3) Only II
(4) Only II and III
(5) None of these

1. 3
2. 1
3. 4
4. 1
5. 4
6. 1
7. 1
8. 2
9. 3
10. 2
11. 3
12. 3
13. 4
14. (2)
Using I and II together
M’s Rank from the bottom = 23 – 3 = 20
M’s rank from the top = 50 + 1 – 20 = 31

15. (4)
Even after using all statements together, we cannot found the number of sons A is having as nothing is given about gender of F.

16. (4)
From I, we will get that the code for B, O and T is $, @ and #. Then using either II or III, we can say that the code for A is %. Hence the code for BOAT is $@%#.

17. (2)
Using statement II only, the order is either BEADC or CEADB. Hence the person in middle is A.
Using statement I and III together, the order is AECDB. Hence the person is C.

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