Daily GK Update 22nd April 2015 - Current Affairs

1. Indira, Rajiv names dropped from two Hindi awards
i. The BJP-led NDA government has dropped the names of former Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi from two awards for propagating Hindi.
ii. The ‘Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Puraskar’ and ‘Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar’, launched more than two decades ago, have given way for ‘Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar’ and ‘Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar’.
iii. The two awards have been discontinued by the Union Home Ministry, which instead launched two new schemes for doing outstanding work for promoting the progressive use of official language.

2. Cricket South Africa launched Africa T20 Cup
i) Cricket South Africa (CSA) launched the 16-team Africa T20 Cup which will be the curtain-raiser to the 2015-16 season.
ii) The tournament will be a World Cup-style competition, consisting of four pools of four teams each with the winners of each pool advancing to the semi-finals and eventually to the final.
iii) The tournament will run from September 4 to October 4.

3. Eminent Historian Christopher Alan Bayly died
i) Eminent historian Professor Christopher Alan Bayly died on 20 April 2015 in Chicago due to heart attack. His death was announced by the Centre for South Asian Studies at the University of Cambridge. He was 70.
ii) He was a historian who specialised in British Imperial, Indian and global history and his works covered the 18th and 19th century India and British imperial history. For his contribution to historical scholarship, he was knighted in 2007.

4. Japan's maglev train sets world record: 603 kph
i) A Japan Railway maglev train hit 603 kilometers per hour (374 miles per hour) on an experimental track in Yamanashi , setting a decisive new world record.
ii) A spokesperson said the train spent 10.8 seconds traveling above 600 kilometers per hour, during which it covered 1.8 kilometers (1.1 miles).

5. Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand declared as India's 48th Tiger Reserve
i) The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) accorded final approval to Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand as India's 48th Tiger Reserve. With this notification, Uttarakhand got its second tiger reserve after the Corbett Tiger Reserve.
ii) The notification was announced by Uttarakhand Chief Minister Harish Rawat while releasing logo of the Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
iii) The Rajaji National Park that came into existence in 1983 is spread across three districts of Uttarakhand namely Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal in an area over 820 square km.

6. World Bank established Pollution Management and Environmental Health program
i) A new World Bank administered programme, with an initial total allocation of around $45 million, will focus on air quality management in five major urban areas in India, China, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa.
ii) The Pollution Management and Environmental Health (PMEH) programme could contribute to improved environmental health conditions for an estimated 150 million people in those cities over the next five years.
iii) PMEH, a new multi-donor Trust Fund will also support other countries and cities of Sub-Saharan Africa, and aim to reduce land and water pollution, according to a World Bank media release.

7. IT Department awarded the Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration
i) The Income Tax (IT) Department on 21 April 2015 was awarded the Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration for easy tax compliance through quality service.
ii) The award was presented at a function at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on occasion of Civil Services Day.
iii) The Prime Minister Award for excellence in public administration to the Income Tax Department demonstrates the commitment of the Department towards achieving Minimum Government and Maximum Governance in tax administration.

8. International Mother Earth Day
i) International Mother Earth Day was observed globally on 22 April 2015 with the theme It’s our turn to lead.
ii) The theme highlights the need for change and seeks to inform the communities and leadership that action needs to be taken on climate by promoting a goal of environmental awareness through developing sustainable initiatives and galvanizing every human to pledge Acts of Green.
iii) This is the 45th anniversary of the Earth’s Day, the year when the world leaders will pass a binding climate change treaty in Paris in December 2015. The treaty will be adopted to make sure the future of Earth, our planet and the survival of life on it.


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