Daily GK Updates - 14th May 2015 Current Affairs

1. Maharashtra government bans digging of borewells deeper than 200 feet
i) In order to check the steep decline in ground water level across Maharashtra, the state government has decided to ban digging of borewells beyond 200 feet and violators will face fine or even imprisonment in case of repeated offence.
ii) The decision comes in the wake of big farmers and private players resorting to digging new borewells on agriculture land due to water scarcity during summer.
iii) The move is part of Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis' ambitious water conservation project-- 'Jalayukta Shivar Yojana'-- that promises to make 5,000 villages in the state drought-free in one year.

2. Bengali Writer Suchitra Bhattacharya passes away
i) Noted writer Suchitra Bhattacharya, many of whose books had been made into cult Bengali films including "Dahan", died of a cardiac arrest at her south Kolkata residence on Tuesday night. She was 55.
ii) Bhattacharya, who was born in 1960 in Bihar, was busy with her next puja fiction even on Tuesday evening but suddenly felt sick after dinner and was declared dead by her family physician at around 10:45 pm.
iii) Suchitra penned over 20 novels, including Dahan, Kachher Manush, Hemonter Pakhi, Alik Sukh, most turning into bestsellers in Bengali literature and was popular among the new generation of women as well as others. She had received several literary awards.

3. Punjab becomes first state to issue Soil Health Cards to farmers
i). Punjab has become the first state in India to issue Soil Health Cards (SHCs), a Union Government initiative to all farmers in the state.
ii). In this regard, every district of state has been assigned mobile soil testing lab. These labs will take soil sample from every farm and issue a digitalised soil health details.
iii). Presently, state government has 66 such laboratories and has capability to test 3.5 lakh soil samples annually. State government also has made mandatory for these labs to check soil health on quarterly basis.
iv). It will help farmers in maintaining the balanced health structure of the soil and educate them to use right quantity of fertilisers in order to prevent soil from becoming arid.
v). Prime Minister Narendra Modi had formally launched the nationwide ‘Soil Health Card’ Scheme in Februrary 2015 in Suratgarh, Rajasthan.

4. SC issues guidelines to regulating Government Advertisements
i) Supreme Court (SC) on 13 May 2015 issued a slew of guidelines on regulation of public advertisements.
ii) This guidelines seeks to prevent ruling politicians at all levels from misusing tax payers’ money to enhance their image or of their parties as it is against democratic principles. This judgment was given by SC Bench comprising Justices Ranjan Gogoi and Pinaki Chandra Ghose on a PIL filed by Common Cause, a registered society.
Guidelines by Supreme Court
iii) Ban on the use of photographs of ministers and party leaders in the government advertisements released by government institutions and autonomous bodies.
iv ) Only photographs of the President, Prime Minister (PM) and Chief Justice of India (CJI) can feature in the government advertisements with their prior approval.

5. Harbhajan Kaur Dheer becomes first Asian elected mayor in UK
i) An Indian-origin councillor woman has became the first Asian woman elected mayor of Ealing Council in London.
ii) Harbhajan Kaur Dheer, 62, at a ceremony at the Victoria Hall at Ealing Council yesterday became the Mayor of Ealing Council after succeeding councillor Tej Ram Bagha.
iii) Harbhajan Kaur Dheer was born in Punjab in 1953 and has moved to Britain in 1975. She had obtained a degree from Social Sciences at Kingston University in 1995.
iv) Till 2003, she had worked as Mental Health Professional and had passionately advocated rights of children and elderly including those with mental health issues.
v) Her husband Ranjit Dheer is presently councilor of Ealing Council and is a former Mayor of Ealing from 2001-2002.

6. RBI plans IT wing as financial crimes rise in cyber space
i. The Reserve Bank is planning to set up an information technology wing to face the rising challenges coming from the cyber world.
ii. It can be noted that online frauds in the financial sector have been on the rise and hundreds of gullible people have been defrauded by crooks, using their stolen credit and debit card information. iii. The cyber thieves have even been using RBI logos to send out mails to cheat customers.

7. Telangana Government signed MoU with Google to build a campus in Hyderabad
i) Telangana Government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with tech giant Google Inc to build the biggest campus outside the United States (US) in Hyderabad.
ii) The MoU was signed by Jayesh Ranjan, Telangana Secretary of Information Technology (IT) and his counterpart David Redcliffe, Google’s global head of facilities and workplace in Google headquarters at Mountain View in USA.
iii) It will be set up at the cost of 1000 crore rupees and expected to be ready within four years by 2019.
iv) For this campus, Telangana Government will allocate seven acres of land in Gachibowli, a major IT suburb of Hyderabad.
v) The work for this campus will formally start in 2016.


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