**1. Races:**A contest of speed in running, riding, driving, sailing or rowing is called a race.

**2. Race Course:**The ground or path on which contests are made is called a race course.

**3. Starting Point:**The point from which a race begins is known as a starting point.

**4. Winning Point or Goal:**The point set to bound a race is called a winning point or a goal.

**5. Winner:**The person who first reaches the winning point is called a winner.

**6. Dead Heat Race:**If all the persons contesting a race reach the goal exactly at the same time, the race is said to be dead heat race.

**7. Start:**Suppose A and B are two contestants in a race. If before the start of the race, A is at the starting point and B is ahead of A by 12 metres, then we say that 'A gives B, a start of 12 metres'.

To cover a race of 100 metres in this case, A will
have to cover 100 metres while B will have to cover only (100 - 12) = 88
metres.

In a 100 race, 'A can give B 12 m' or 'A can give B
a start of 12 m' or 'A beats B by 12 m' means that while A runs 100 m, B runs
(100 - 12) = 88 m.

**8. Games:**'A game of 100, means that the person among the contestants who scores 100 points first is the winner'.

If A scores 100 points while B scores only 80
points, then we say that 'A can give B 20 points'.

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