Daily GK Update 11th & 12th October 2015 Important Current Affairs

1. 11 October: International Day of Girl Child
i. Every year 11th October is being observed as International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC). This year it was fourth edition of this day after it was observed for first time in 2012.
ii. To recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world. The observation also increases awareness of gender inequality faced by girls worldwide based upon their gender and supports more opportunity for girls.
iii. In December 2011, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had adopted Canada backed Resolution to declare 11th October as the IDGC.
iv. It was first observed in 2012 with theme ‘Ending child marriage’. The theme of IDGC in 2013 and 2014 was ‘Innovating for girl’s education’ and ‘Empowering Adolescent Girls: Ending the Cycle of Violence’.

2.  Punjab National Bank wins Beighton Cup of Hockey
i. Punjub National Bank (PNB) has won the 2015 Beighton Cup hockey tournament. It is mainded title of PNB, In the final match played in Kolkata PNB defeated 4 time winners Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) by 5-3 goals in penalty shoot outs. In the regular time schedule of match both team had one goal each.
ii. Instituted in 1895 and is one of the oldest field hockey tournaments running till date.
iii.  It is named after T.D. Beighton, Legal Remembrancer of the Government of Bengal in British India.
iv. It is organised by Bengal Hockey Association (BHA).

3. Lewis Hamilton wins 2015 Russian Grand Prix of F1
i. Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain won 2015 Russian Grand Prix title of Formula One.
ii. This was his overall ninth victory of the season. Earlier he had won Australia, China, Bahrain, Canada, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy and Japanese 2015 Grand Prix titles of F1. 
iii. It should be noted Lewis Hamilton has won highest number as compared to any other British driver in the history of Formula One. He is currently 5th on the all-time list of F1 with 41 wins.

4. Ajay Jayaram wins 2015 Dutch Open Grand Prix Badminton tournament
i. Ace Indian shuttler, Ajay Jayaram has won the 50000 dollar 2015 Dutch Open Grand Prix badminton tournament. In the title clash played at Almere in Netherlands, Jayaram defeated Estonia’s Raul Must by 21-12, 21-18 score. 
ii. With this victory he deafened this title which he had won earlier in 2014. In October 2014, Jayaram had won his maiden Dutch Open GP title and was the first Indian to win badminton Grand Prix tournament under the new 11×5 scoring system. 
iii. This is second achievement of him in this season after he had won silver medal in 2015 Korea Open Badminton tournament in Men’s singles category. Earlier, Jayaram has won 3 international badminton titles namely New Zealand Open (2009), Thailand Open (2010) and Czech Open (2013).

5. K P Sharma Oli of CPN-UML elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal
i. Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)-CPN-UML was elected as new Prime Minister of Nepal.
ii. With this victory, he became first Prime Minister of Nepal under the newly adopted secular, republic and federal Constitution of Himalayan country. It was adopted in 20 September 2015.
iii. In the election for PM post in Nepalese Parliament, Mr. Oli received 338 votes out of a total of 598. He had secured 39 votes more than the 299 votes needed to get elected as PM as per provisions of new constitution. His rival Sushil Koirala of Nepali Congress President on the other hand received 249 votes.

6. November 26 to be observed as Constitution Day
i. India will observe 26 November as Constitution Day (Samvidhan Divas) to spread awareness of Indian Constitution and its architecture Dr B R Ambedkar. 
ii. Significance of Day: On 26 November 1949, Indian constitution was adopted by the 389 member Constituent Assembly (CA) and it came into force on 26 January, 1950. 
iii. It was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi after laying the foundation stone of Dr Ambedkar Memorial at Indu Mills Compound in the heart of Mumbai city.
iv. Dr Ambedkar Memorial project at Indu Mill will be part of five landmarks associated with the life of the architect of Constitution. These five landmarks (holy places) have been dubbed as Panch teerths (quintet pilgrimage). They are located in Mhow in Madhya Pradesh, Alipur House in Delhi, Indu Mill memorial, Dr Ambedkar’s residence in Mumbai and house in London.

7. PM lays foundation stone of 4th terminal of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Mumbai
i. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of fourth terminal of country’s largest container port – Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) in Mumbai. 
ii. The ambitious project will augment JNPT’s present capacity situated off the financial capital’s eastern seafront by doubling it in next two years.
iii. The fourth terminal project will be carried out in two phases at estimated cost of 7,900 crore rupees and will be complete by the end of 2017. 
iv. The project involves construction of two berths of 1 km in each of the two phases. It will be executed by Bharat Mumbai Container Terminal (BMCT), a subsidiary of Port of Singapore on a design, fund, built, operate and transfer (BOT) basis. 
v. The terminal will play important role in India’s Export-Import (exim) trade by doubling existing 4.5 million container handling capacity of JNPT to 10 million standard units.

8. Sania Mirza-Martina Hingis won women's doubles title of China Open
i. Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis on 10 October 2015 won women's doubles title of the China Tennis Open. The top-seeded Indo-Swiss pair defeated Chinese Taipean pair of Hao-Ching Chan and Yung-Jan Chan 6-7 (9), 6-1, 10-8.
ii. This was eighth title of the season as a team for Sania-Hingis and fourth title in a row.
iii. With this win, the Indo-Swiss pair won their eighth WTA doubles titles together in the year 2015. The other seven titles are Indian Wells, Miami, Charleston, Wimbledon, US Open, Guangzhou and Wuhan.

9. Jioji Konrote elected as Fiji's President
i. Fiji’s Parliament on 12 October 2015 elected the Minister for Employment, Productivity and Industrial Relations, Jioji Konrote, as the country’s next President.
ii. Konrote, who was nominated by the ruling FijiFirst party, fetched 31 votes in the presidential election held in the parliament. On the other hand, the opposition SODELPA party’s candidate Ratu Epeli Ganilau received 14 votes.
iii. According to the constitution of Fiji, the prime minister and leader of the opposition each submit a presidential candidate to the speaker of parliament, who then announces the nominees to MPs before parliament decides on the country's next president with a majority vote.
iv. Konrote, popularly known as George Konrote, is a retired major general who joined the Republic of Fiji Military Forces in 1966.

10. Former British Finance Minister Geoffrey Howe died
i. Geoffrey Howe, Britain’s former treasury chief, died on 9 October 2015 due to a suspected cardiac arrest in Idlicote, England. He was 88.
ii. Howe, who administered Britain's recovery from recession in the 1980s, was a champion of closer European unity.
iii. He was Margaret Thatcher's longest-serving Cabinet minister who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1979 to 1983, Foreign Secretary from 1983 to 1989, Leader of the House of Commons from 1989 to 1990 and Deputy Prime Minister from 1989 to 1990.
iv. He hailed as one of the great leaders of the Conservative party and emerged out as a quiet hero of the Thatcher years.
v. Richard Edward Geoffrey Howe was born on 20 December 1926 in Port Talbot, Wales. He obtained his early education from Bridgend Preparatory School in Bryntirion, Abberley Hall School in Worcestershire and Winchester College in Hampshire. Later, he studied law from Trinity Hall, Cambridge.

11. Novak Djokovic defeated Rafael Nadal to win 2015 China Open Men’s Singles title
i. Novak Djokovic on 11 October 2015 won the China Open Men’s Singles title by defeating Rafael Nadal of Spain.
ii. In the summit clash held at the National Tennis Centre in Beijing the top seeded Serbian overpowered Nadal by 6-2 6-2.
iii. For Djokovic, it was the fourth consequent win in Beijing and the fourth consequent title since 2012.
iv. Overall, he is the only player to have won the title six times. His other two titles were in 2009 and 2010.
v. In 2015, Djokovic joined Roger Federer and Rod Laver as the only men in the Open era to reach all four major finals. His only defeat came in the final of the French Open against Stan Wawrinka of Switzerland.
vi. Apart from the Grand slam titles in Australia, the UK (Wimbledon) and the USA he won eight titles in the 2015 season that include Indian Wells Masters, Miami Open, Monte-Carlo Rolex Masters, Italian Open and China Open.

12. 5th Meeting of the India-Maldives Joint Commission held in Maldives
i. The 5th meeting of the India-Maldives Joint Commission was held on 11 October 2015 in Male, the capital of Maldives.
ii. The meeting was co-chaired by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Maldivian foreign minister Dunya Maumoon.
iii. It reviewed entire gamut of the bilateral relationship including economic, security, administrative and cultural aspects and agreed to expand the scope of cooperation to sectors like information technology, tourism, fisheries, education, etc.
iv. Further, the meeting also show cased growing policy alignment between both the countries that is evident from India’s Neighbours First and Maldives’ India First policies.


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