Daily GK Update: 13th December, 2015 Important Current Affairs

Dilip Kumar gets Padma Vibhushan award
i. Legendary actor Dilip Kumar was today presented the Padma Vibhushan by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh at the thespian’s residence in suburban Bandra.
ii. Maharashtra Governor C Vidyasagar Rao, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, were among other dignitaries present at the actor’s home when he received the award. 
iii. The announcement to honour Bollywood veterans Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan and a few others with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan award was made by the government on the eve of Republic Day on January 25, 2015.

iv. However, Kumar, due to ill-health, could not attend the special function held at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in April when other Padma awardees were honoured by President Pranab Mukherjee.
v. Born as Muhammad Yousuf Khan in Peshawar, Kumar made his debut as an actor in the film “Jwar Bhata” in 1944 produced by Bombay Talkies.
vi. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan award in 1991, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1994 and the Padma Vibhushan earlier this year, for his exceptional and distinguished contribution to the Indian cinema.

NGT bans registration of new diesel-run vehicles in Delhi
i. National Green Tribunal (NGT) has ordered ban on registration of new diesel-run vehicles in Delhi to curb the growing menace of air pollution in the capital city. 
ii. This ruling was given by NGT bench headed by Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar and also questioned Delhi government’s odd-even formula for vehicles to check pollution in the city. 

Key facts 
  • The ban on registration of new diesel vehicles will be valid till 6th January 2016 as interim steps i.e. till the next date of hearing of NGT on Delhi pollution. 
  • NGT also ordered the central and state government to stop buying diesel cars in Delhi. 
  • On Delhi government’s odd-even formula for vehicles, the tribunal mentioned that might encourage people to buy two cars. 

  • Presently around 23 per cent of the cars registered in Delhi are running on diesel. The cars running are likely to emit 7.5 times more particulate matter (PM) compared to petrol cars. As per WHO, emissions from Diesel cars produce more toxic nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and may cause cancer. 
  • Earlier in April 2015, NGT had banned diesel vehicles over 10 years old in the national capital which has been labelled as one of world’s most polluted city. In November 2015, Delhi government had decided that private vehicles with odd and even registration numbers will ply on odd and even dates from 1st January 2016 for two week. 
  • About National Green Tribunal 

Renowned agro-economist Sharad Joshi passes away
i. Renowned agro-economist and veteran leader of farmers Sharad Anantrao Joshi passed away in Pune, Maharashtra. He was 81. 
ii. He was founder of Shetakari Sanghtana (farmers’ Organisation) an NGO dedicated to the cause of farmers in Maharashtra. 

About Sharad Joshi 
  • Sharad Joshi was born in 1935 in Satara district of Maharashtra. Prior to establishing Shetakari Sanghtana in 1979 he had worked with Pune University as lecturer of Economics and Statistics and later worked with United Nations (UN). 
  • He had served as a member of Advisory Board of the World Agricultural Forum (WAF). 
  • Joshi had spearheaded numerous agitations, protests, fasts throughout the state to highlight the issue of reasonable prices for agricultural produce. 
  • He was Rajya Sabha member from 2004 to 2010. He was the sole MP in Upper House to vote against the bill providing 33% reservation for women in Parliament and assemblies.

Union Govt inks MoU for establishing IIITs at Ranchi, Nagpur & Pune
i. The Union Government has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for establishing three Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs) in the country. 
ii. The agreement to this effect was signed between Department of Higher Education (DoHE) and private agencies including Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Motors, ADCC Infocad and Hubtown. 

Key facts 
  • These IIITs are being set up at Ranchi (Jharkhand), Nagpur and Pune (Maharashtra). 
  • Apart from the Central Government, these institutions will be operated on a Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) mode with participation of state government and industry. 
  • These IIITs are expected to bring out high quality Information Technology (IT) manpower required for building up IT industry in the country.
  • The admission process in all the three IIITs will be done through Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)-2016 and shall have intake of 120 students in each institutions. 
  • With this, the total number of IIITs in the PPP mode has gone up to 16. 


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