Statements & Conclusions Reasoning Study Material

Statements & Conclusions

Directions (1-5): In each of the qu-estion below are three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the three statements disregarding commonly known facts. (CANARA BANK 18-07-2010)
Give answer (1): if only conclusion I follows.
Give answer (2): if only conclusion II follows.
Give answer (3): if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
Give answer (4): if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
Give answer (5): if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.
1. Statements:
All jeeps are cars. All cars are buses. Some buses are trucks.
Conclusions:
I. Some jeeps are trucks. II. All jeeps are buses.
2. Statements:
Some balls are rackets. Some rackets are bats. All bats are nets.
Conclusions:
I. No net is a ball. II. All rackets are nets.
3. Statements:
All computers are printers. All printers are staplers. All staplers are scanners.
Conclusion:
I. All printers are scanners. II. Some staplers are computers.
4. Statements:
No drum is guitar. All guitars are violins. Some violins are flutes.
Conclusions:
I. Some violins are guitars. II. Some drums are flutes.
5. Statements:
All guns are cannons. All arrows are cannons. Some cannons are bows.
Conclusions:
I. Some guns are arrows. II. Some arrows are bows.
Directions (6-10): In each of the question below are three statements followed by two
conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the three given statements to be true even
if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all conclusions and
then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the three statements
disregarding commonly known facts. (Syndicate Bank 27-06-2010)
Give answer (1): if only conclusion I follows.
Give answer (2): if only conclusion II follows
Give answer (3): if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows
Give answer (4): if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Give answer (5): if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows
6. Statements:
All stars are planets. All planets are moons. No moon is a sun.
Conclusions:
I. All stars are suns. II. No moon is a star.
7. Statements:
Some computers are keyboards.
Some keyboards are wires. Some wires are switches.
Conclusions:
I. Some computers are switches. II. Some wires are computers.
8. Statements:
No cap is a hat. All hats are feathers. All feathers are papers.
Conclusions:
I. All hats are papers. II. All feathers are caps.
9. Statements:
All nylons are cottons. All cottons are wools. Some wools are polyesters.
Conclusions:
I. Some cottons are wools. II. Some wools are nylons.
10. Statements:
All calculators are watches. All phones are watches. All watches are televisions.
Conclusions:
I. All phones are televisions. II. Some televisions are calculators.
Directions (11-16):
In each of the question below are four statements followed by four conclusions numbered
I, II, III and IV. You have to take the three given statements to be true even if they seem
to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all conclusions and then decide
which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Disregarding
commonly known facts. Allahabad Bank (14-03-2010)
11. Statements:
All metals are silvers. All silver are diamonds.
Some diamonds are gold. Some gold are marbles.
Conclusions:
I. Some gold are metals. II. All metals are diamonds.
III. Some silver are marbles. IV. Some gold are silver.
1. Only I follow. 2. Only III follow. 3. Only II follow.
4. Only IV follow. 5. None follows.
12. Statements:
Some carpets are books. All books are pens.
Some pens are cartons. All cartons are notebooks.
Conclusions:
I. Some cartons are carpets. II. Some cartons are books.
III. Some pens are carpets. IV. Some notebooks are pens.
1. Only I and II follows. 2. Only II and III follow.
3. Only III and IV follows. 4. Only I and III follow. 5. None of these.
13. Statements:
Some paints are bottles. Some bottles are brands.
Some brands are colours. All colours are erasers.
Conclusions:
I. Some paints are brands. II. Some erasers are bottles.
III. Some erasers are brands. IV. Some bottles are colours.
1. None follows. 2. Only III follows.
3. Only II and IV follows. 4. Only IV follows. 5. Only I, II, III follows
14. Statements:
Some boxes are triangles. All spheres are triangles.
All circles are boxes. All triangles are quadrilaterals.
Conclusions:
I. Some quadrilaterals are boxes. II. Some quadrilaterals are triangles.
III. Some triangles are spheres. IV. No circle is quadrilateral.
1. Only I follow. 2. Only II follows. 3. Only I, II, III follows.
4. Only III follows. 5. All follows.
15. Statements:
All plastics are trees. Some trees are buildings.
Some buildings are windows. Some windows are papers.
Conclusions:
I. Some papers are plastics. II. Some buildings are papers.
III. No paper is a tree. IV. Some trees are windows.
1. Only I follow. 2. Only II follow.
3. Only I and IV follow. 4. Only III follow. 5. None follows.
16. Statements:
All rings are phones. All phones are spoons.
Some phones are files. All files are covers.
Conclusions:
I. Some files are rings. II. Some covers are spoons.
III. Some spoons are phones. IV. Some rings are covers.
1. Only II and IV follow. 2. Only I, II and III follows.
3. Only I and II follow. 4. Only II and III follow. 5. None follows.
Directions (17-22):
In each of the question below are given three statements followed by two conclusions
numbered I and II. You have to take the three given statements to be true even if they seem
to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all conclusions and then decide which
of the given conclusions logically follows from the three statements disregarding commonly
known facts.
Give answer (1): if only conclusion I follows.
Give answer (2): if only conclusion II follows
Give answer (3): if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows
Give answer (4): if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Give answer (5): if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows
17. Statements:
All jugs are plates. All plates are cups. All cups are bottles.
Conclusions:
I. Some bottles are jugs. II. All plates are bottles.
18. Statements:
Some jungles are mirrors. All mirrors are houses. All houses are roads.
Conclusions:
I. All jungles are mirrors. II. All jungles are houses.
19. Statements:
All pigeons are trees. Some trees are channels. All channels are baskets.
Conclusions:
I. Some baskets are trees. II. Some channels are baskets
20. Statements:
Some tents are ropes. All ropes are lanterns. Some lanterns are boxes.
Conclusions:
I. Some boxes are tents. II. Some lanterns are tents.
21. Statements:
Some bags are clothes. Some clothes are papers. Some papers are glasses.
Conclusions:
I. Some glasses are bags. II. No glass is bag.
22. Statements:
Some chains are trucks.
No truck is car.
All cars are trains.
Conclusions:
I. Some trains are trucks.
II. Some cars are chains.

Answer Key

1) 2 2) 4 3) 5 4) 1 5) 4 6) 4 7) 4 8) 1 9) 2 10) 5 11) 2 12) 3 13) 2 14) 4 15) 5 16) 4 17) 5 18) 4 19) 1 20) 2 21) 3 22)4


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