Daily GK Update 27th April 2017, Important Current Affairs

1. Scientists create ‘Artificial Womb’
i. Researchers have created a fluid-filled transparent container called the Biobag to simulate how foetuses float in amniotic fluid inside the uterus of their mothers.
ii. Researchers tested five lambs with a biological age corresponding to 23-week human premature babies in the artificially created womb like device.

2. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft successfully travels between Saturn and its rings
i. Recently, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft completed its final close flyby of Saturn’s moon Titan and has now started its final set of 22 orbits before plunging into Saturn on September 15, 2017, and thus completing its 20-year long journey.

3. US tax reform: Trump introduces biggest tax reform plan in US history
i. US President Donald Trump has introduced biggest tax reform plan in the history of United States.
ii. As per the proposals of the new plan, major cuts have been made in the income tax rate. 

4. Veteran actor Vinod Khanna passes away
i. Veteran actor and politician Vinod Khanna has expired at the age of 70.
ii. He was said to be suffering from cancer. Khanna is married twice and is survived by four children.

5. PM launches UDAN Scheme
i. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) scheme from Jubbarhatti, an airport on the outskirts of Shimla.
ii.  ‘Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik’ means ‘the common man flies’. He flagged of the first UDAN flight under Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) on Shimla-Delhi sector.
iii. UDAN flights on Kadapa–Hyderabad, and Nanded-Hyderabad sectors were also flagged off.

6. ISRO launches solar calculator app
i. ISRO has launched a solar calculator app that can calculate the benefits of installing solar panels in different regions of the country.
ii. The app has been created by the Space Application Center (SAC) facility of ISRO following the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)’s request.
iii. The app comes handy for installation of Photovoltaic (PV) for tapping of solar energy.

7. Srishti Kaur wins Miss Teen Universe pageant
i. Srishti Kaur of India has been crowned Miss Teen Universe 2017 at Managua, the capital of Nicaragua. Ii. She won after beating 25 contestants from across the world.

8. IOC to build new oil terminal at Motihari to supply fuel to Nepal
i. The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has planned to build a new oil terminal at Motihari in Bihar to supply fuel to Nepal via the planned pipeline up to Amlekganj in Nepal.
ii. The old terminal functioning at Raxaul in Bihar will be shut down as it does not conform to the current OISD (Oil Industry Safety Directorate) guidelines. 

9. Uttar Pradesh cancels 15 government holidays
i. Uttar Pradesh state government has cancelled 15 public holidays marking the birth or death anniversaries of eminent personalities.
ii. Alternatively, on these days, the school and college students would be taught about these public figures through various programmes.

10. Turkish President Erdogan to visit India from April 30
i. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is embarking on a two-day trip to India from April 30 accompanied by a huge business delegation.
ii. His visit assumes importance at a time when India is aggressively seeking a seat in the exclusive club of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group (NSG), which Turkey had previously opposed.

11. President of Cyprus arrives on 5-day India visit
i. President of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades arrived in New Delhi last night on the second leg of his five-day visit to India. He will address a business forum and will deliver a talk on European Union-India strategic partnership in the 21st century.

12. India successfully test-fires Agni-III ballistic missile
i. India on 27 April 2017 successfully test-fired 3000 kilometre range Agni-III ballistic missile from Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast.
ii.The test was aimed at re-establishing the operational effectiveness of the weapon system. The test was carried by the Strategic Forces Command with logistics support from Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO).

13. Nita Ambani made Member of IOC's Olympic Channel Commission
Nita Ambani in April 2017 was made a member of two important commissions of the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) governing body.Ambani was made as a member of the prestigious Olympic Channel and Olympic Education Commission.
ii. She replaced International Paralympic Committee President Philip Craven to be one of the 16 members of the Olympic Channel Commission headed by United States Olympic Committee Chairman Lawrence Francis Probst.

14. India to host 18th World Road Meeting
i. The International Road federation (IRF) on 26 April 2017 announced that India will host the 18th World Road Meeting (WRM 2017) which will be held on 13 November 2017.  
ii. The theme of World Road Meeting 2017 is ‘Safe Roads and Smart Mobility: The Engines of Economic Growth’.

15. NASA launches Super Pressure Balloon from New Zealand
i. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on 25 April 2017 successfully launched its football-stadium-sized and heavy-lift Super Pressure Balloon (SPB) from Wanaka, New Zealand.
ii. CA eBookThe balloon will float for 100 or more days at 110000 feet (33.5 km) across the globe in the Southern Hemisphere's mid-latitude band.

16. Union Government takes 10 new Swachh Iconic Places under Swachh Bharat Mission
i. The Union Government on 25 April 2017 announced 10 Swachh Iconic Places to be taken under the Phase II of Swachh Iconic Places initiative.
ii. The announcement was made during second quarterly review meeting on the Swachh Iconic Places that was held at Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine in Katra, Jammu and Kashmir.

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